I was thinking just now, what kind of laboratory equipment did Madame. Curie use when doing experiments? Then I discovered that a Nobel Prize winner is not only his own efforts, but also mutual influence and inspiration. 01 4 Nobel Prizes for Mrs. Curie’s family In 1903, Madame Curie and her husband jointly won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
▲Madame Curie couple
In 1911, Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911 for the discovery and isolation of radium and the definition of the number of nuclei that decay per unit time (Curie units).
▲Marie Curie’s Nobel Prize Certificate in Chemistry in 1911
Madame Curie died in 1934 (66 years old). In the same year, her eldest daughter Irena Yorio-Curie and her son-in-law Frederic Yorio-Curie discovered artificial radiation. The two won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935.
In 1965, Mrs. Curie’s youngest daughter (second daughter) Eve Curie’s husband Henry Richardson Labouis won the Nobel Peace Prize as the director of UNICEF. This is also the fourth and fifth Nobel Prize won by Madame Curie’s family.
02 Those Nobel Prizes Missed by the Elder Daughter Couple
One day, when the eldest daughter and his wife were doing an experiment, the experimental object suddenly released a kind of high-energy rays! They thought it was a flow of protons. After the article was published, Chadwick, a British physicist, discovered something was wrong and thought it was a legendary neutron. Thus, he became the first person in the world to discover neutrons and won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Once again, the eldest daughter and his wife did an experiment. When the cosmic rays hit the lead plate, all the particles flew to the left, and only one particle flew to the right. They thought the laboratory air was too turbid. After the article was published, the American physicist Anderson discovered something was wrong and thought it was a legendary positron. As a result, he also won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
▲Philip Warren Anderson
Once again, when the eldest daughter and others were doing experiments, they asked slow neutrons to hit uranium. They observed a brand-new element with an atomic mass of 57 and 89. They think it is a calculation error. After the article was published, German chemists Hahn and Strassmann discovered that something was wrong and thought it was nuclear fission. As a result, they also won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Once again, when the eldest daughter and his wife were doing an experiment, they shot particles with a radioactive source, and the particles hit the aluminum foil. After the experiment was completed and the radioactive source was turned off, the aluminum foil was still constantly being hit. This time, they finally stopped being careless, discovered artificial radioactivity, and won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935.
The bumpy scientific research experience of the elder daughter and his wife tells us that the life of the Nobel Prize winner must be unpretentious and boring. If there is a little impetuousness, it is absolutely impossible to win the Nobel Prize.